Beginner Sailor’s Guide – What to Bring on Your First Voyage?

Beginner Sailor’s Guide – What to Bring on Your First Voyage?

Beginner sailors often face the dilemma of what to bring on their first voyage, aiming to avoid overpacking the yacht while still having everything necessary. Here are a few tips on how to prepare for your first sailing adventure.

Check the weather forecast

Before setting sail, it’s always worth checking the current weather forecast. This can help you decide what to bring and what type of clothing will be needed. If the forecast predicts low temperatures or rain, it’s advisable to pack warmer clothes and a rain jacket.

Weather-appropriate clothing

Regardless of the weather forecast, it’s important to bring clothing that will be suitable for any situation. Keep in mind that the temperature on the water may be lower than on land, so packing warmer clothes is recommended even if it’s warm ashore. Pay attention to the type of footwear as well – it’s best to bring shoes with rubber soles that won’t slip on wet surfaces.

Pain relievers and a first aid kit

It’s advisable to have a first aid kit and pain relievers on board, which can be helpful in case of injuries or headaches. The first aid kit should include basic medications, bandages, plasters, and disinfectants.

Food and water

During the voyage, it’s important to have an adequate supply of food and drinking water. Keep in mind that there won’t be an opportunity to buy groceries while on the yacht, so it’s best to bring provisions for several days. Water is also essential, preferably in bottles that can be easily stored on the yacht.


It’s useful to have lighting with you during nighttime on the yacht to facilitate movement on deck. This can be a headlamp or a flashlight that provides sufficient light to avoid any hazards.

Maps, compass, and navigation devices

Sailing requires the ability to use maps, a compass, and other navigation devices. For your first voyage, it’s advisable to bring appropriate maps and navigation tools that will help determine your position and plan your route.

Books and games

These should not be forgotten during the voyage.

Meteorological instruments

It’s beneficial to have meteorological instruments such as a barometer, thermometer, hygrometer, anemometer, and radar to have control over the weather and be aware of the forecasted atmospheric conditions.

Tools and accessories

It’s worthwhile to have a set of basic tools on board, including a hammer, screwdriver, pliers, a pocket knife, as well as equipment for maintaining the cleanliness of the yacht, such as brushes, mops, and cloths.

In summary, when planning your first voyage, remember to adequately prepare in terms of yacht equipment and personal belongings. Any deficiencies in these areas can be significant during the voyage, and replenishing them may prove difficult or even impossible while at sea. Therefore, it’s worth planning your trip in advance and ensuring proper preparation to avoid unnecessary complications and fully enjoy your maritime adventures.

Sailing knowledge – where to acquire it?

Sailing knowledge is crucial for every sailor, regardless of their level of experience. Acquiring the appropriate knowledge enables a better understanding of sailing techniques, water safety, and effective yacht management. In this article, we will present various sources from which sailing knowledge can be obtained.

Sailing courses and training: One of the most important ways to gain sailing knowledge is by participating in sailing courses and training. Many sailing centers offer courses for beginner and advanced sailors. During these courses, you can learn basic sailing techniques, safety rules, navigation, maneuvers, and equipment handling.

Sailing literature: Sailing books, manuals, and guides are a valuable source of sailing knowledge. There are many publications covering various aspects of sailing, such as navigation, marine meteorology, yacht management, maneuvering skills, as well as stories and advice from experienced sailors. It is worth starting with basic sailing manuals and then expanding your knowledge by reading more advanced sailing literature.

Internet and sailing forums: The Internet is also a source of information about sailing. There are many websites, blogs, forums, and discussion groups dedicated to sailing, where you can find answers to many questions, advice from experienced sailors, and participate in discussions on various sailing-related topics. However, it is important to check the credibility of information sources and use reputable sailing websites and portals.

Experienced sailors: Nothing can replace direct experience and conversations with experienced sailors. You can learn from them during cruises, regattas, or sailing events. Many sailors are willing to share their knowledge and experience, so it is worth making contacts and participating in the sailing community.

Personal experience is an invaluable source of sailing knowledge. During each trip, you can gain new skills, encounter different situations, and learn from your own mistakes. It is important to be open to learning, observe and analyze your actions on the water. Each trip is an opportunity to improve sailing skills, both in terms of navigation, maneuvers, and crew management.

In addition, there are many other sources from which sailing knowledge can be obtained:

Regattas and sailing events: Participation in regattas and other sailing events not only enables the development of sailing skills but also allows you to observe other crews, learn from experienced sailors, and exchange experiences with other sailors.

Instructional videos and online courses: With the development of technology, various online courses and instructional videos are also available, which can help expand sailing knowledge. Instructional videos demonstrate specific sailing techniques, maneuvers, equipment handling, and provide practical tips.

Sailing magazines: Sailing magazines and journals are another source of information about sailing. They provide information on the latest sailing events, news, and trends, as well as tips and advice from experienced sailors.


Grounding is a situation where a boat comes to a stop on a shoal, sandy shore, or other underwater obstacle. It can occur due to various reasons, such as miscalculating water depth, improper boat handling, or unforeseen changes in weather conditions. Grounding can lead to damage to the vessel and even pose a threat to the crew’s lives. In this article, we will discuss how to avoid grounding, how to handle the situation when it occurs, and how to conduct effective rescue actions.

Chapter 1: How to Avoid Grounding

To avoid grounding, caution must be exercised during navigation, and proper preparations for voyages should be made. Here are a few tips to minimize the risk of grounding:

Familiarize yourself with water conditions – Before heading out onto the water, check the weather conditions, water levels, and other potential hazards.

Operate the boat within its capabilities – Every boat has its limitations, which should be taken into account. Do not exceed safe speeds, and exercise caution during maneuvers.

Use maps and navigation tools – Prior to voyages, thoroughly review maps and navigation tools such as echo sounders and GPS to avoid dangerous underwater obstacles.

Remain vigilant at all times – Maintain a safe distance from other vessels and other underwater obstacles, and stay aware of changes in weather conditions.

Chapter 2: What to Do in Case of Grounding

If grounding occurs despite precautions, it is important to remain calm and act according to a plan. Here are a few steps to take in case of grounding:

Assess the situation – Ensure the crew’s safety and check for injuries, evaluate the boat’s condition, and assess the damage caused by grounding.

Seek assistance – Contact local rescue services or other sailors who can help with the rescue operation.

Refloat the boat – Attempt to refloat the boat using lines or hooks. Remember not to jerk the boat, as it can cause further damage.

Evaluate the situation – If the boat is severely damaged, decide whether it is possible to continue navigation. If not, prioritize the safety of the crew and call for assistance.

Chapter 3: How to Conduct a Rescue Operation

If grounding occurs, and the crew is unable to resolve the situation independently, a rescue operation will be necessary. Here are a few steps to assist the crew in a grounding situation:

Contact rescue services – Get in touch with local rescue services, such as fire department or police, or make a distress call on the radio channel, providing precise information about the situation and the exact location.

Provide information – Provide accurate information about the situation, including the number of people on board, the boat’s condition, and the location of the incident.

Secure the boat – If the boat is severely damaged or at risk of sinking, secure it to prevent drifting onto other vessels or underwater obstacles.

Administer first aid – If the crew members sustain injuries, provide them with first aid, and call for medical assistance if necessary.

Stay at the scene – Remain at the grounding location until rescue services arrive and assist them to the best of your abilities.


Grounding is a situation that can happen to any sailor, regardless of their experience and skills. To minimize the risk of grounding, exercise caution and adequately prepare for voyages. If grounding occurs, remain calm, follow the plan, and contact rescue services if the crew is unable to resolve the situation independently. Remember that the safety of the crew should always be the top priority, and any material damage can be addressed later.

Capsizing a yacht – what you should know?

Capsizing a yacht is a situation that every sailor may encounter. Although it can be terrifying and dangerous, having the appropriate knowledge and skills can help prevent and deal with such situations. In this article, we will provide a guide to yacht capsizing, including information about the causes of capsizing and safety guidelines.

Causes of capsizing

Yacht capsizing can have many causes, including sudden weather changes, strong winds, improper maneuvers, excessive yacht loading, improper ballast distribution, or neglect in yacht maintenance and upkeep. It is important to understand these causes and take appropriate precautions to reduce the risk of capsizing.

Pre-capsizing safety guidelines

Before embarking on a journey, it is essential to adhere to certain safety guidelines that can help prevent capsizing. Checking the weather forecast to avoid sailing in extreme conditions is crucial. Proper ballast distribution and even weight distribution on the yacht are also important. The crew should be properly trained and mindful of water safety principles.

Preventing capsizing

The best way to deal with capsizing is to prevent it. It is important to sail in accordance with safety guidelines, observe yacht limitations, and avoid excessive loading. Regularly checking and maintaining the yacht’s equipment is crucial to ensure its efficiency. Sailing training and acquiring knowledge about navigation, meteorology, and sailing techniques are key to safe sailing.